All About Oranges

Help your child investigate (to learn about things) and collect information about his world using his 5 senses (sight, sound, smell, touch and taste).

For this Activity you will need:

  • The book: The Very Hungry Caterpillar by Eric Carle
  • Scratch-n-sniff sticker of an orange
  • Plastic orange
  1. Read the story The Very Hungry Caterpillar with your child.
  2. When you’ve finished, ask your child to find the orange in the book.
  3. Once your child finds the picture of the orange, say, "I have some other types of oranges. Let’s look at them."
  4. Place the orange sticker, the plastic orange and the book open to the picture of the orange in front of your child.
  5. Allow him to explore the items and talk about how they are alike and different. Show her how to use her senses to explore the oranges. Help your child describe the oranges, by asking: How do they look? Tell me about their color, size and shape. How do they feel? How do they smell? What sounds do they make? Can we taste them? Why or why not?

Next Steps/Follow-Up:
  • Try this activity using a real orange. Ask your child to compare the real orange with the other "oranges." Next, peel the orange. Talk about he inside of the orange. Ask: "Can you take it apart? Does it have seeds? Why?" Now have your child taste the orange. Have your child tell you how it feels, tastes, and smells.
  • Compare different kinds of fruit to each other. Have her use her senses to explore the fruit (touch, taste, look, feel and smell). Help your child describe the fruit. Be sure to ask her, "Which one is the best?"
  • Help your child change the texture of different foods using tools or utensils in your home. For example, mash a banana or strawberry with a fork. Use a blender to make applesauce. Squeeze an orange to make orange juice.

Background Information:

Scientific thinking involves:

  • Wondering about things.
  • Asking questions.
  • Making predictions (telling what might happen).
  • Looking, listening, touching, smelling, and tasting to get information.
  • Organizing information and talking about it.
  • Comparing things by talking about how they are alike and different.
  • Using words to explain why something happened.

When your child starts school, she will be more likely to do well if she is able to do these things.


You can help build your child’s scientific thinking skills by doing this activity.

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