Statewide Readiness Data 2018

Maryland's Kindergarten Readiness Assessment (KRA) is a developmentally appropriate observational and assessment tool administered to kindergarteners in the fall of each year that measures school readiness across four domains. Readiness levels, as well as in each domain and by specific subgroups, are reported statewide and for each of Maryland's 24 jurisdictions.

Maryland's 2017-2018 KRA Data Show: 

  • 45% of Maryland kindergarteners demonstrate readiness, up from 43% in 2016-2017.
  • A significant number of Maryland's children (18%) display minimal foundational skills and behaviors and require substantial assistance and differentiated instruction, as well as targeted supports or interventions to be successful in kindergarten.
  • 16 of Maryland’s 24 jurisdictions exceed or meet the statewide average. 
  • 5 of the 8 jurisdictions with lower than average readiness levels have a higher percentage of kindergarteners living in poverty.


Go to Readiness Matters 2018 to see the entire series.


Everyone must take proactive measures to improve kindergarten readiness. Kindergarten teachers and school administrators should begin addressing the gaps in readiness that some children already demonstrate.


Maryland Kindergarten Readiness (Composite) Download (pdf, 37 KB)
Readiness by Disability Status Download (pdf, 42 KB)
Readiness by Domains Download (pdf, 65 KB)
Readiness by English Learner Status Download (pdf, 40 KB)
Readiness by Gender Download (pdf, 35 KB)
Readiness by Income Status Download (pdf, 36 KB)
Readiness by Jurisdiction Download (pdf, 244 KB)
Readiness by Prior Care Experience Download (pdf, 36 KB)
Readiness by Race/Ethnicity Download (pdf, 31 KB)
Readiness by Subgroups of Students Download (pdf, 29 KB)

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About Ready at Five


Ready At Five improves the practice and quality of early childhood education in Maryland.


We believe that every child in Maryland should have the foundational skills needed for success in school, career and life.

What’s New

2017-18 kindergarten readiness data 

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